La ciberseguridad como factor para crear sociedades prósperas

May 30th, 2016
by The Feeder

Por principio, los Estados protegen su territorio resguardando sus espacios terrestres, aéreos, marinos y espaciales; sin embargo, con el desarrollo de las tecnologías de la información existe un ámbito más: el ciberespacio. Este nuevo rubro debe ser protegido para garantizar no sólo el desarrollo de los negocios, como por ejemplo la banca electrónica, sino también de manera general para resguardar el intercambio de información valiosa que realizan sus ciudadanos entre ellos, las empresas privadas e instituciones de gobierno.

El ciberespacio es un entorno global, cuyo soporte son las Tecnologías de la información y Comunicaciones (TIC´s), que es utilizado de manera creciente por los ciudadanos, empresas privadas y organismos públicos. Para todas las empresas, la ciberseguridad no es un tema opcional, ya que deben contar con procesos que les permitan supervisar la entrada y salida de información digital de sus entorno, así como proteger de ataques a sus activos digitales y mantener el funcionamiento óptimo de todas sus áreas de trabajo.

La ciberseguridad está formada por el grupo de políticas, ideas de seguridad, restricciones de seguridad, métodos para administrar los riesgos, acciones, capacitación, buenas prácticas, y tecnologías que son utilizadas para resguardar los activos digitales de la organización y los usuarios.

Por otra parte, los activos digitales son, además de los dispositivos conectados a la red, los servicios y las aplicaciones, los sistemas de comunicaciones así como la información que transmite o almacena la organización.

 

Ciberseguridad, parte de la política de seguridad nacional

De acuerdo con el documento “Cyberspace and the National Security of the United Kingdom”, publicado por Chatam House que es parte del Real Instituto de Asuntos internacionales del Reino Unido, la ciberseguridad es “La ausencia de amenazas realizadas por medio de, o dirigidas a, las tecnologías de la comunicación y de la información (ICT) y a sus redes”.

El documento mencionado fue publicado hace siete años, en marzo de 2009 y muestra la importancia que el gobierno del Reino Unido daba a la ciberseguridad desde ese año; en Latinoamérica, en cambio, el tema es un asunto muy reciente.

La Organización de Estados Americanos (OEA), por su parte, considera que la a vulnerabilidad cibernética de las naciones del continente es un obstáculo para construir sociedades pacíficas y prósperas por lo que en 2009 aprobó una resolución para el “Desarrollo de una Estrategia Interamericana para Combatir las Amenazas a la Seguridad Cibernética”.

Los daños causados por ataques digitales a infraestructuras críticas, el ciberterrorismo, el ciberespionaje o el fraude financiero, son parte de los retos que deben afrontar los estados para garantizar la seguridad de las operaciones comerciales y en general el intercambio de información de sus ciudadanos con entidades públicas y privadas.

Una aproximación al tamaño del reto que enfrenta una política de ciberseguridad lo da el Informe de Predicciones de Amenazas de McAfee Labs, de acuerdo con el cual el número de dispositivos que se deberán proteger para el año 2020 superará los 200,000 millones.

Asimismo, ese informe predice que para 2016 la ciberamenazas afectarán el hardware; crecerá el ransomware y las vulnerabilidades; serán afectados los sistemas de pago y aumentarán los ataques mediante sistemas de empleados. Otra área afectada serán los servicios en la nube, los wearables, los automóviles (autónomos y regulares) y los almacenes de datos robados, se afectará la integridad, crecerá el ciberespionaje y el hacktivismo y por si fuera poco estarán en riesgo infraestructuras críticas y crecerá el intercambio de inteligencia sobre amenazas.

cyberdefense report

De acuerdo con la clasificación del Cyber Defense Report, patrocinado por McAfee, México está retrasado en cuanto a ciberdefensa, comparado con otros países.

 

El futuro de la ciberseguridad en México

Según el Índice Global de ciberseguridad 2014 de la Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones, que revisa la forma en la que responden estas naciones frente a la inseguridad cibernética, México ocupa el lugar 18 entre 100 países. El lugar 18 que ocupa México lo comparte con países como Perú, Vietnam y Burkina Faso. En cambio, los tres primeros lugares son ocupados por Estados Unidos, Canadá y Australia, en tanto que en Latinoamérica los primeros lugares los ostentan Uruguay, Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica y Ecuador.

Frente a este panorama de la ciberseguridad en México es necesario insistir en que el país y toda Latinoamérica, deben mejorar sus políticas públicas sobre el tema y contar con más recursos que apoyen el trabajo que ya realizan áreas de la policía y fuerzas armadas.

 

Para proteger los servicios e información vitales de su empresa contra el robo, la manipulación y la fuga, debemos cambiar la forma de hacer las cosas: es necesario centrar la atención en la manera de reducir la fragmentación de la seguridad, automatizar las tareas y multiplicar las fuerzas. Intel Security tiene una solución con un sistema abierto e integrado que puede acelerar todo el ciclo de vida de la protección contra amenazas. Para mayor información de clic en la siguiente liga.

The post La ciberseguridad como factor para crear sociedades prósperas appeared first on McAfee.

Posted in Business, Cybersecurity, Español, LTAM, Quarterly Threats Report | Comments (0)

Brain infections may spark Alzheimer’s, new study suggests

May 30th, 2016
by The Feeder

Strands of beta amyloid fibrils form around yeast in culture media. (credit: Credit: D.K.V. Kumar et al. / Science Translational Medicine (2016)])

The protein globs that jam brain circuits in people with Alzheimer’s disease may not result from a sloppy surplus, but rather a bacterial battle, a new study suggests.

Previously, researchers assumed that the protein—beta amyloid—was just a junk molecule that piled up. And efforts to cure Alzheimer’s focused on clearing out clogs and banishing beta amyloid from the brain. But a new study conducted using mice and worms suggests that the protein clumps are actually microbial booby traps, sturdy proteinaceous snares intended to confine invading microbes and protect the brain.

The findings, published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, suggest that Alzheimer’s may result from the brain’s effort to fight off infections. While that hypothesis is controversial and highly speculative at this point, it could dramatically alter the way researchers and doctors work to treat and prevent the degenerative disease.

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Posted in Alzheimer's, amyloid beta, bacteria, Protein, Scientific Method | Comments (0)

Security Weekly #466 – Wade Baker

May 30th, 2016
by The Feeder
Wade Baker is the Vice President, Strategy and Risk Analytics at ThreatConnect. He believes improving information security starts with improving security information. In keeping with this belief, he’s working to complete his doctoral thesis, “Toward a Decision Support System for Managing Information Risk in Supply Chains”.Security Weekly Web Site: http://securityweekly.com Follow us on Twitter: @securityweekly

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If climate scientists are in it for the money, they’re doing it wrong

May 30th, 2016
by The Feeder

It's Memorial Day, all Ars staff is off, and we're grateful for it (running a site remains tough work). But on a normal Monday, inevitably we'd continue to monitor news from the world of climate change. Our John Timmer examined the claims that scientists are in it solely for the money in February 2011, and we're resurfacing his piece for your holiday reading pleasure.

One of the more unfortunate memes that makes an appearance whenever climate science is discussed is the accusation that, by hyping their results, climate scientists are ensuring themselves steady paychecks, and may even be enriching themselves. A Google search for "global warming gravy train" pulls out over 50,000 results (six of them from our forums).

It's tempting to respond with indignation; after all, researchers generally are doing something they love without a focus on compensation. But, more significantly, the accusation simply makes no sense on any level.

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Posted in Climate science, Scientific Method | Comments (0)

A gratuitous gallery of warbirds for Memorial Day

May 30th, 2016
by The Feeder


Americans have honored those lost in war in some shape or another since just after the Civil War. Memorial Day as we know it—a federal holiday on the last Monday in May—is more recent, dating back to 1968. But the sentiment is the same—remembering those who paid the ultimate price in defense of their country. Since a recent trip happened to take us by the National Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, Ohio, we've decided to celebrate it here at Ars by bringing you this gallery of some fine-looking warbirds.

The museum can be found at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. It's truly vast—even giants of the air like the B-36 and B-52 can seem small underneath the roof of one of its hangars. It also has some rather significant planes in its collection, notably Bockscar, one of the two B-29s that dropped atom bombs on Japan in World War II (the Enola Gay lives at the Smithsonian's Udvar-Hazy collection in Dulles, VA).

The collections under those massive hangers are organized chronologically, from the beginning of flight through World War II, Korea, Vietnam, the Cold War, through to today. Sadly, we weren't able to check out one of the museum's most fascinating aircraft, the remaining North American XB-70 Valkyrie; the new hanger for research and experimental aircraft (and old Air Force Ones) doesn't open until next week.

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Posted in airplanes, Cars Technica, USAF museum, warbirds | Comments (0)

The spammer who logged into my PC and installed Microsoft Office

May 30th, 2016
by The Feeder

(credit: Aurich Lawson / Thinkstock)

It's Memorial Day, all Ars staff is off, and we're grateful for it (running a site remains tough work). But on a normal Monday, inevitably we'd continue to monitor the security world. Our Jon Brodkin willingly embraced a firsthand experience with low-grade scammers in April 2013, and we're resurfacing his piece for your holiday reading pleasure.

It all began with an annoying text message sent to an Ars reader. Accompanied by a Microsoft Office logo, the message came from a Yahoo e-mail address and read, "Hi, Do u want Microsoft Office 2010. I Can Remotely Install in a Computer."

An offer I couldn't refuse.

The recipient promptly answered "No!" and then got in touch with us. Saying the spam text reminded him of the "'your computer has a virus' scam," the reader noted that "this seems to be something that promises the same capabilities, control of your computer and a request for your credit card info. Has anyone else seen this proposal?"

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Posted in Law & Disorder, Microsoft office, Risk Assessment, Scam, security, spam, Technology Lab, Windows | Comments (0)

Should broadband data hogs pay more? ISP economics say “no”

May 30th, 2016
by The Feeder

Don't be stingy guys.

It's Memorial Day, all Ars staff is off, and we're grateful for it (running a site remains tough work). But on a normal Monday, inevitably we'd continue to monitor the world of ISPs—especially how the major players handle big data users. Our Nate Anderson looked at the economic side of the decision in July 2010, and we're resurfacing his piece for your holiday reading pleasure.

Just over a year ago, Time Warner Cable rolled out an experiment in several cities: monthly data limits for Internet usage that ranged from 5GB to 40GB. Data costs money, and consumers would need to start paying their fair share; the experiment seemed to promise an end to the all-you-can-eat Internet buffet at which contented consumers had stuffed themselves for a decade. Food analogies were embraced by the company, with COO Landel Hobbs saying at the time, "When you go to lunch with a friend, do you split the bill in half if he gets the steak and you have a salad?"

In the middle of the controversy, TWC boss Glenn Britt told BusinessWeek something similar, though with less edible imagery. "We need a viable model to be able to support the infrastructure of the broadband business," he said. "We made a mistake early on by not defining our business based on the consumption dimension."

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Posted in Law & Disorder | Comments (0)

Octopuses may indeed be your new overlords

May 30th, 2016
by The Feeder

A giant pacific octopus shows its colors at the Monterey Bay Aquarium. (credit: Monterey Bay Aquarium)

Over the past 60 years, the population of cephalopods—octopuses, squids, and cuttlefish—has been steadily growing. This is particularly remarkable because many types of marine life have been dying out as carbon levels in the oceans rise, making the water more acidic. So even as numbers of crabs, sea stars, and coral reefs are shrinking, the tentacled creatures of the deep are thriving.

Writing in Current Biology, a large group of marine biologists describe how they discovered this trend. Looking at the past 61 years of fisheries data from all major oceans, they examined numbers of cephalopods that are bycatch, or accidentally caught along with target fish. Using these numbers as a proxy for cephalopod populations as a whole, they discovered a steady increase over the decades, across all cephalopod species. The question is why.

The researchers say it's likely a function of a cephalopod's ability to adapt quickly. "These ecologically and commercially important invertebrates may have benefited from a changing ocean environment," they write. Most cephalopods have very short lifespans and are able to change their behavior very quickly during their lifespans. Indeed, octopuses are tool-users who can learn quickly, leading to many daring escapes from tanks in labs as well as brilliant forms of camouflage at the bottom of the ocean. All these characteristics add up to a set of species who can change on the fly, as their environments are transformed.

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Posted in cephalopods, environmental science, Evolution, marine biology, octopus, Scientific Method | Comments (0)

Munch, Monet, Michelangelo, and more: High art through a LEGO lens

May 30th, 2016
by The Feeder

SEATTLE—We at Ars love a good piece of LEGO design, particularly the fare found at regional fan fests like BrickCon on an annual basis. But while those shows impress with pop-culture references and sprawling towns full of vehicles, spacecraft, ships, and villagers, they don't typically include the kinds of original work or high-art references you'd expect to see at a museum.

Oregon-raised artist Nathan Sawaya, on the other hand, has made art out of LEGOs for years—and shown it off at art galleries across the world since 2007. The artist's latest show, which we caught on its opening weekend in Seattle, continues to revolve around his original creations, which are included in the lower gallery (and will be familiar to anybody who's attended a Sawaya show over the years). But his more recent work has revolved around LEGO recreations of classic paintings and sculptures, which you'll see in this article's upper gallery.

From Monet to Munch, and from Egyptian temples to politically charged Americana, Sawaya's Art of the Brick collection crosses a ton of artistic movements off the LEGO list. You can see all of this and more at the Pacific Science Center until September 11.

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Posted in brick art, Lego, The Multiverse | Comments (0)

Kennedy’s vision for NASA inspired greatness, then stagnation

May 30th, 2016
by The Feeder

The spring of 1961 was a time of uncertainty and insecurity in America. The Soviets had beaten the United States to space four years earlier with Sputnik, and in April 1961, they flew Yuri Gagarin into space for a single orbit around the planet. Finally, on May 5th, America responded by sending Alan Shepard into space, but he only made a suborbital flight.

Few would have predicted then that just five years later the United States would not only catch the Soviets in space but surpass them on the way to the moon. Perhaps that is the greatness of John F. Kennedy, who found in such a moment not despair, but opportunity. When Kennedy spoke to Congress on May 25th, 55 years ago, NASA hadn’t even flown an astronaut into orbit. Yet he declared the U.S. would go to the moon before the end of the decade.

“No single space project in this period will be more exciting, or more impressive, or more important for the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish,” Kennedy told Congress. “In a very real sense it will not be one man going to the moon, it will be an entire nation. For all of us must work to put him there.”

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Posted in NASA, president kennedy, Scientific Method | Comments (0)